🔭Borrowing Module Overview

Angle Borrowing Module Overview


Angle Borrowing Module is one of the minting mechanisms for Angle stablecoins.

It is based on a debt mechanism, similar to the one used by Maker with DAI. Users can deposit tokens as collateral into the protocol, and borrow Angle stablecoins from this deposit depending on specific parameters.

This module can be deployed across different EVM compatible networks and work for any kind of stablecoin of the protocol.

It is also designed to work hands in hands with the other protocol's modules. EURA, which can also be minted by the protocol's Transmuter module is for instance fully interoperable between both modules.

Smart contract addresses associated to the Borrowing module on different chains and for the different stablecoins of the protocol can be found here.

🏦 Main Features

Borrowing Angle stablecoins from collateral deposit: With the Angle Borrowing module, users can deposit collateral tokens in a vault and mint (borrow) stablecoins from their deposits according to specific parameters. This allows them to keep exposure to their tokens deposited as collateral, while benefitting from disposable liquidity in stablecoins.

Leveraged-yield and self-repaying loans: Any yield-bearing token can be accepted as a collateral. Users can deposit collateral, borrow stablecoins and get their debt automatically repaid by the increase in value of their collateral. They can also swap their borrowed stablecoins for more of the yield-bearing token enabling them to boost the yield they are earning.

Leveraging collateral exposure: Users can also leverage their collateral token exposure through vaults, to get onchain leverage up to x10 depending on the parameters set by governance.

Capital-efficient interactions: Borrowing stablecoins from deposited collateral, liquidating a vault, repaying a debt and getting collateral back: all of this can be done in just one transaction and without any capital commitment thanks to the protocol built-in swap features.

Optimized liquidations amounts and discounts: Angle liquidation system is conceived as an improvement over more traditional liquidation mechanism (like on Aave, Compound, Maker). It allows for variable liquidations amounts meaning that during a liquidation the fraction of the debt that can be repaid is not fixed. On top of that, discounts given to liqudiators are based on a Dutch auction mechanism which minimizes the discount liquidators get while making sure they can still be profitable. This protects borrowers getting liquidated and lets them keep a maximum amount of collateral in their vaults.

Improved position management: Users can easily transfer their debt from one position to another without having to actually transfer collateral between these positions. All positions in this system are composable NFTs.

Cross-chain compatibility: The Borrowing module can scale to a wide range of different networks and stablecoins. This allows governance to easily deploy it on networks like layer 2s where transactions are more affordable than on the Ethereum mainnet. Each instance of the Borrowing module is independent and relies on different parameters chosen by governance. For instance, for a same collateral asset on two chains, there may be different amount of EURA that can be issued on each network: this allows to make sure that liquidations remain profitable on a network based on the available liquidity.

This section presents in greater details vaults in Angle Borrowing Module.


The smart contracts of the Borrowing module have been audited by Chainsecurity. The code and audits have been published in our dedicated repository. They can also be accessed in the Audits section of this docs.

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